Cyberbullying Laws Of Canada

Cyberbullying is a serious issue that can affect individuals of all ages, including adults in Canada. While there is limited specific information on the common forms of cyberbullying experienced by adults in Canada, some general forms of cyberbullying can also apply to adults. In time, I do expect more laws to be developed over this issue! Here are some common forms of cyberbullying that adults in Canada may experience:

  1. Distribution of Intimate Images or Videos: One common form of cyberbullying is the distribution of intimate images or videos without the consent of the person involved. This can occur as a form of revenge after a fight or breakup, and it can have devastating effects on a person’s self-esteem, reputation, and mental health [1].
  2. Harassment and Threats: Adults may experience cyberbullying in the form of harassment and threats. This can include receiving offensive or threatening messages, emails, or comments on social media platforms. Cyberbullies may use these tactics to intimidate, scare, or harm their victims [2].
  3. Online Shaming and Humiliation: Adults may also be subjected to online shaming and humiliation. This can involve public humiliation, spreading false rumours, or posting embarrassing information or images about the person online. These actions can have a significant impact on an individual’s reputation and emotional well-being [2].
  4. Impersonation and Identity Theft: Cyberbullies may impersonate adults online or steal their identities to deceive others or cause harm. This can involve creating fake profiles or accounts to spread false information, engage in malicious activities, or damage a person’s reputation [2].
  5. Online Harassment and Trolling: Adults may experience cyberbullying in the form of online harassment and trolling. This can include receiving offensive or derogatory comments, messages, or posts on social media platforms or online forums. Cyberbullies may engage in this behaviour to provoke and upset their victims [2].

It is important to note that cyberbullying can have serious consequences for the victims, including emotional distress, anxiety, depression, and even physical harm. If you or someone you know is experiencing cyberbullying, it is crucial to seek support and report the incidents to the appropriate authorities or platforms.


Learn more:

  1. Cyberbullying can be against the law – Canada.ca
  2. Info Sheet: Cyberbullying
  3. Just the facts: Cyberbullying | Royal Canadian Mounted Police

In Canada, there are laws and regulations in place to address cyberbullying. While there is no specific provision for cyberbullying in the Criminal Code, several provisions can be applied to address this behaviour [2]. Here are some key laws and regulations that can be used to address cyberbullying in Canada:

  1. Criminal Harassment (Section 264): This provision applies when the bullying behaviour reaches the level of criminal conduct, causing someone to reasonably fear for their safety or the safety of others known to them [2].
  2. Uttering Threats (Section 264.1): This provision applies when someone makes threats to cause death or bodily harm to another person, which includes threats made through electronic means [2].
  3. Mischief in Relation to Data (Subsection 430(1.1)): This provision applies when someone willfully destroys, alters, or interferes with data, computer systems, or computer programs, including cyberbullying activities that involve damaging or tampering with data [2].
  4. Unauthorized Use of Computer (Section 342.1): This provision applies when someone accesses a computer system without permission, including cases where cyberbullying involves unauthorized access to someone’s computer or online accounts [2].
  5. Identity Fraud (Section 403): This provision applies when someone uses another person’s identity or personal information without their consent, which can include cyberbullying activities involving impersonation or identity theft [2].
  6. Child Pornography Offences (Section 163.1): This provision applies to cases where cyberbullying involves the distribution or possession of explicit images of individuals under the age of 18 [2].

It’s important to note that the Criminal Code also includes other provisions that can be applied to instances of bullying or cyberbullying, such as intimidation, extortion, false messages, and defamation [2]. Additionally, civil law can also be used to address cyberbullying, particularly in cases involving defamation or creating an unsafe environment [3]. Civil cases do cost as well as take time to go through the system.


Learn more:

  1. Cyberbullying can be against the law – Canada.ca
  2. Existing Criminal Code Responses to Cyberbullying – Cyberbullying and the Non-consensual Distribution of Intimate Images
  3. Legal Consequences of Cyberbullying | PREVNet

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